The Kurdish Identity: A Cause for Conflict?
In the period immediately after the First World War, a weak Kurdish sense of nationhood combined with poorly organized leaderships meant that the hope for
A Multi-National Intervention as Remedy for the Kirkuk Impasse
Kirkuk—an oil-rich with vast agricultural lands—has been one of the principal impasses to a peaceful solution to the Kurdish question in Iraq.
Kurds of the other Iraq: From internal fighting to power brokering in Baghdad
This paper will provide a brief historical account for the causes of the Kurdish internal fighting in Iraq. Then, it will analyze the internal and the external factors
The Progress of the Peshmerga Forces and their role in post-2003 Iraq
This paper briefly discusses the origins of the peshmerga forces from the start of the Republic of Kurdistan (also known as the Republic of Mahabad) to their
Sovereignty and State Formation in Middle East
The division of Kurdistan (Izady, 1992); (McDowall, 2004), a historic and a geographic region, between the semi-sovereign states of Iraq, Iran, Turkey and
Kurds, Oil and International Political Economy
Kurdish economy can be described in a few words: sluggish progress, static technologies and a divided country ever isolated from the International
The Kurds in the Bilateral and the Multilateral Treaties
This paper examines the effects of treaties as instruments of International Law applied for and against the Kurds before and after the World War One (WWI)
The Kurdish Conflict: Aspirations for Statehood within the Spirals of International Relations in the 21st Century
The ability of the Kurds, a scattered, divided and stateless people, to engage in International Relations (IR) never ceases to surprise. Perhaps most astonishing
How States Use the Kurdish Card as Their Tools for Foreign Policy
The Kurds are the largest ethnic group without a state, numbering twenty-five to thirty million.  Most live in the mountainous region centered in _______________________
Kurdish and Kurdistan Society 1970-2003: Towards Freedom
Is knowledge of Kurdish and Kurdistan society from 1970 to 2003 possible? Yes, it is possible. Scholars of Kurdish; Mediterranean and European, _______________________
Social and Political Rationalities of ‘Lean Policy’
Canada is an advanced democratic state and it cannot  _______________________
A Recent History of Kirkuk: The Victim City
Historical documents and archaeological sites show that  _______________________
A Communicative Agonistic Theory of Governance
This thesis seeks to argue that governance is the primary  _______________________
The patronizing embrace: Turkey’s new Kurdish strategy
The Sixth of October 2006 is not going to make it into the
Governing the Kurdish Question: Justice for the Kurds
Question emerged as a concept to denote a problematic related to the Kurdish position on the new
Audi Alteram Partem: Hear the Kurdish Side
This paper[1] is an ‘epistemological-ontology’ of the ways in which communication, regulation and socialization in Kurdistan have been governed by
Kurds, Kurdistan and the Kurdish Question 1800s-1989 and After
This manuscript is a historico-genealogical epistemology of the present. It is a presentation of a comprehensive knowledge of Kurds, Kurdistan and the __________________________________
The Transformation of Kurdish and Kurdistan Society to ‘Civic Loyalties’
This paper [1] readjusts knowledge of Kurdish and Kurdistan society [2] by presenting an analytical explanation of ‘transformation’


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