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Awene
The most admired Independent Kurdish News Paper from the hart of Kurdistan.

Khatuzeen Center
For Kurdish Women’s Issues
The Anfal Trial
The Anfal (meaning the "the Spoils" in Arabic) was an eight-stage military campaign that resulted in the deliberate murder of at least 50,000 and possibly
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Turkey seeks ways to weaken Kurdish authority-Kurds say
“Turkey wants more gains and US is temporarily showing restraint in regard to a growing probability of a Turkish military attack on Iraq’s Kurdistan,” says Faiq
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IRAQ: Ever Closer to Fears of Civil War
Hanan's family could never have thought three years ago of leaving Baghdad. They had lived for years in peace with their Shia neighbours in the ethnically mixed
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US denies Mideast efforts call for border changes
State Department spokesman Sean McCormack also said that Washington was determined to defend Turkey's and Iraq's territorial integrity, effectively opposing the
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Bodies yield evidence of Hussein-era killings
Beneath the clinical glare of fluorescent lights in a collection of makeshift laboratories here, the victims of mass murder under Saddam Hussein are slowly
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Iran Said to Support Shiite Militias in Iraq Proxy Groups Involved, U.S. Asserts
"We do know that Shia extremist groups have received training through some sort of third element associated with Iran," said Maj. Gen. William B. Caldwell, a U.S.
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Democracy under the gun
Yet another proposal, modestly titled “National Strategy for Victory in Iraq” seeks to empower the fledgling Iraqi Security Forces and the Iraqi government to retake
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Turkish, Iranian armies build up forces along Iraq’s only quiet area
Hundreds of Kurds had to flee their homes in the mountain village of Razqa, Iraq, when artillery shells came whistling down from Iran early this month, blowing apart
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Barzani: Central Iraqi government cannot rule Iraq
Erbil, Kurdistan-Iraq, August 11, (KUNA) -- The President of Iraqi Kurdistan Region Massoud Barazani said Friday that it is impossible for a central government to be
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Iraq's Arabs are seeking safety among the Kurds
Erbil, Kurdistan-Iraq, -- No one was happier at the death in June of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the proclaimed leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, than Jamal Hussein.
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Shiites Press for a Partition of Iraq
They have a new constitution, a new government and a new military. But faced with incessant sectarian bloodshed, Iraqis for the first time have begun openly discussing
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How To Prevent Civil War In Iraq - Break The Country In Three
Iraq is already broken in two. The Kurds are off on their own. They don't allow any other militias except their own in their section of Iraq: no Iraqi police there. They have their own
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Talabani: We are not in civil war Iraqi president
BAGHDAD - Iraqi President Jalal Talabani on Monday rejected the idea that his country is caught in the grip of a civil war between the majority Shiites and the formerly privileged
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Turk says military operation no solution to Kurdish question
A cross-border operation into northern Iraq by the Turkish armed forces to strike at bases of the terrorist group the PKK would only serve to worsen the situation and do nothing to halt
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Iraq's Shias Going Their Own Way
"The prime minister's reconciliation project has failed, and so far no major insurgency group has endorsed it," Abdullah Aliawayi, Kurdish member of Iraq's House of Representatives,
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Iraq war is now about survival — for all
When the Iraq war began in March 2003, the American plan was clear. We would eliminate Saddam Hussein and his weapons of mass destruction and punish him for refusing to
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Another crisis brewing in Middle East
If Iran's nuclear ambitions, Iraq's low-level civil war and the Israeli-Hezbollah war were not enough, President Bush may face a new dilemma. The Turkish government has ordered its
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All is not so quiet on the Northern Front in Iraq
Last month, Kurdish rebels, reportedly based in Iraq, staged attacks in neighboring Turkey, killing 15. And the Turks are none too happy about these guerrillas stirring up trouble with
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Turkey: Building a Dam to displace thousands of Kurds from Kurdish region 
DIYARBAKIR, Kurdistan-Turkey, August 6, -- Turkey began yesterday building a major dam
on the Tigris river in southeastern Turkey (Kurdistan-Turkey),
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Turkey dam project back to haunt Kurds
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan is to attend an inauguration ceremony for the proposed Ilisu dam on Saturday, despite continuing concerns over its impact on people
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Pentagon generals warn of Iraq civil war
Two top Pentagon commanders said Thursday that spiraling violence in Baghdad could propel Iraq into outright civil war, using a politically loaded term that the Bush administration
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Turkey expects Iraqi, US action against Kurd rebels ‘very soon’; Talabani moves to defuse tension
Turkey has high hopes that Iraq and the United States will soon act to curb separatist Turkish Kurd rebels based in northern Iraq, the foreign ministry said Wednesday. The apparent optimism in Ankara
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Divided We Stand 
The current reconstruction effort in Iraq seeks to keep the current boundaries of Iraq whole. But by keeping Iraq whole, the United States may in fact be hindering a successful reconstruction effort and needlessly delaying the achievement of an
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Iraqi Kurds’ Key Role
Your claim that “the Kurdish parties that inflate the Shiites’ majority have never much cared about what goes on outside Iraqi Kurdistan is unfair (“A Long, Bad Six Weeks,’’ editorial, July 26).
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Iraqi Kurds Go Their Own Way, Wooing Investors To Safe North
The tiny town of Shaqlawa had 1.2 million visitors last summer, mostly from other parts of Iraq. They came for the mild climate and mountain vistas, but the big draws were peace and
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CICSCO, Inc. Expected to Build a New Oil Refinery in Iraq 
DENVER, July 31 /PRNewswire/ -- CICSCO Inc., a 13-year old Denver engineering and construction firm is the odds-on-favorite to win a $750 million contract to build a new 70,000 barrel-per-day oil refinery in the Kurdish region of Iraq, according to James Prall, company president.
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Kurds Show Path To Success in Iraq
Did you know there is a vast region of Iraq where no U.S. troops have been killed, enemy terrorist activity has been negligible, there are few U.S. troops deployed, it is
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Iraqi Kurds agree to isolate PKK in mountains
raqi Kurdish leaders have called on outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) members to lay down arms or face isolation at their mountain camps, a Turkish news report said
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Kurds Show Path To Success in Iraq
Did you know there is a vast region of Iraq where no U.S. troops have been killed, enemy terrorist activity has been negligible, there are few U.S. troops deployed, it is
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THE KURDS - History and Culture
Presentation held in German on the 19th September 1997 in the Kurdish Community- House in Berlin, Germany
First published in German in 1997 by: The Kurdish Community House in Berlin, Germany
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Prime Minister announces ratified new investment law
Erbil, Kurdistan - Iraq (KRG.org) - Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani announced the new investment law. The investment law had been debated and approved by the Kurdistan National Assembly, the Region's parliament, and was then ratified by President Masoud Barzani.
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PACE urges more cultural rights for Kurds in Turkey
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) urged Turkey, in a draft resolution, to further extend the cultural rights of its Kurdish-origin citizens by adopting a comprehensive approach to the Kurdish problem,
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Windows on the communal conflicts in Iraq
Critics of American policy in Iraq since 2003 have sometimes charged that the United States created the sectarian divisions in the country by treating Iraqis as Shiites, Sunnis or Kurds,
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Which Operation?
As one would think, the Turkish state; which can’t comprehend the motives for the Kurdish issue, which neglected the on-going discrimination against members of the Kurdish identity and Kurdish culture,
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Our Corner of Iraq
WHAT is the mission of the United States military in Iraq now that the insurgency has escalated into a full-blown civil war? According to the Bush administration, it is to support a national unity government that includes all Iraq’s major communities: the Shiites,
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Expert says both sides to blame in Middle East
A Shiite woman oversees registration of displaced people and takes requests for emergency supplies at temporary shelter set up in a school in the Nabaa area of Beirut. About 300 people are living in classrooms
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Iraq's police overwhelmed by violence
At her home in central Baghdad, Niran al-Sammarai frets over the fate of her husband, kidnapped Saturday with 30 of his colleagues from a conference hall in one of the most heavily patrolled parts of Baghdad.
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My Turn: Let's end it in Iraq
So I propose the Three Confederate States of Iraq exit solution. Since the attempts to set up a central Iraq government dominated by Kurds and Shiites leaves Sunnis mostly opposed and creates a fertile habitat for al
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Iraq’s salvation lies in letting it break apart
In the south they allowed the Shi’ite clergy and religious parties to take power and to build their Islamic states. While saying that Kurdistan should rejoin Iraq, America did nothing to reduce any part of Kurdistan’s
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Halabja Bears Scars 18 Years After Chemical Attack
Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is facing several trials on separate charges of crimes against humanity. One of those trials will focus on the 1988 gassing deaths of some 5,000 Kurds in the northern Iraqi city of Halabja.
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Is There Justification For Secession Rights? A Case Study of the Kurds
I shall refer to the idea of a Kurdish ethnic state as Kurdistan.1 My analysis of the question of Kurdish secession will be framed within the broader debate of moral rights
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All eyes look to the Kurdish region and its oil riches
They are attracted by the promise of oil in a region relatively free of violence and the KRG is obliging, awarding licences to several exploration groups, including Western Oil Sands, a Canadian company, and DNO, of Norway.
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Syria Must Be Liberated
Also, for those curious, Ba'athism was the same ideology that drove Saddam Hussein to power, and fueled his lust for torture and murder. The Assad family has its own history of atrocities: Hafez once wiped out the entire city of Hama in less than a week.
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Iraqi Kurdistan opens doors to Christians 
The vast mountainous region of Northwestern Iraq is becoming a haven for Christians in the troubled middle-east. Two American Christians recently overcame the many obstacles to entering Iraqi Kurdistan
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MOUNTAIN VIEWS: KURDS MAY HAVE SHOT AT HOMELAND
OLEAN -- This space has been used in the past for commentary on the Middle Eastern anomaly of the Kurds, the largest ethnic group on the planet without their own official state. When President Dubya invaded Iraq in 2003, only a tiny fraction of Americans had ever heard of them
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‘Everybody Must Make Sacrifices’
Since she was a little girl in Sulemaniya, Shahla always wanted to be a soldier in the Iraqi Army. But women weren't allowed to fight under Saddam. So as soon as Hussein was gone in 2003
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MAYORS CHARGED IN KURDISH TV DISPUTE
Fifty-six mayors from Turkey’s predominantly Kurdish southeast region will soon stand trial in the city of Diyarbakir for allegedly aiding militants from the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
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The price of freedom
Many residents still were loyal to England and wanted to see the rebellion crushed. That didn't make things any easier for his Continental Army.
Iraq's leaders still are trying to unite Sunni, Shiite and Kurdish factions.
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Refugees in the front line of the fight for human rights
Clasping her hands together so tightly that her fingers whiten, Sara Malova's eyes fill up as she explains why she is so passionate about her volunteer work with asylum seekers in detention.
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Kurdish mayor a lightning rod in Turkey
BATMAN, TURKEY - Huseyin Kalkan, the mayor of Batman, pointed to the bullet holes in the yellow wall of his office, little indentations above the framed photograph of a lavender cactus blossom.
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Turk prosecutor targets mayor over rebel ambulance
A Turkish mayor could face a jail sentence of up to one year for sending a city ambulance to transport the body of a Kurdish rebel killed in a clash with troops, according to a prosecutor’s indictment.
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Law school pals meet in Iraq
ALBANY -- Kevin Dooley stood in the 100 desert heat in northern Iraq and peered into a mass grave. He felt his stomach clench.
Below, 75 Kurdish women and children were buried in the pit, murdered 18 years ago by gunshots to the head. Their bodies are evidence of genocide in a pending case against Saddam Hussein in the Anfal campaign said to have killed 100,000 people.
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Fear of Flowers
In 1988, Saddam Hussein ordered a genocidal campaign, the Anfal Operation, against 4,500 defenseless Kurdish villages in northern Iraq. 180,000 people who couldn't escape are believed to have been buried in unknown mass graves. The Iraqi military deliberately contaminated water sources with TNT, cut down trees, and put TNT and land mines in the foundations of destroyed homes
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Papers show U.S. courted Arabs in mid-70s
The United States reached out to hostile Arabs three decades ago with an offer to work toward making Israel a "small friendly country" of no threat to its neighbors and with an assurance to Iraq that the U.S. had stopped backing Kurdish rebels in the north.
"We can't negotiate about the existence of Israel," then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger told his Iraqi counterpart in a rare high-level meeting, "but we can reduce its size to historical proportions."
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Full metal racket
Iraq was where it had all started. An excessive spirit of student adventure had led me to the Kurdish peshmerga guerrillas in the summer of 1991. A long, winding road had subsequently led through the Middle East and south west Asia, through intifada and insurgency from Algeria to Israel, through Taliban Kabul, hunts for al-Qaeda,
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Kurd leaders must maintain unified front
He has a disconcerting facial tic and opens his cellphone with an odd jerk of the left wrist, as if barely controlling his muscles. Yet he is vigorous, razor sharp, and articulate, and holds a commanding presence. This is Kosrat Rasoul Ali, popularly known as Kosrat, a storied peshmerga (guerrilla) leader and now the incoming vice president of Iraq's
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Coalition Forces and Iraqi Obligations towards Protecting Kurdistan
Ever since the overthrew of dictator Saddam’s regime and the new found liberties and freedoms Iraqi people in general have enjoyed for the first time in their modern history, as well as the turmoil and chaos the country has witnessed following that, the majority of the Iraqi people and their representatives have come to the conclusion
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Merits of Partitioning Iraq or Allowing Civil War Weighed
As the U.S. military struggles against persistent sectarian violence in Iraq, military officers and security experts find themselves in a vigorous debate over an idea that just months ago was largely dismissed as a fringe thought: That the surest -- and perhaps now the only -- way to bring stability to Iraq is to divide the country into three pieces.
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Free Kurdistan
Recent nuances and nudges in government policy as well as tacit support for the most obscene anti-Semitism and anti-Americanism by the ruling political party of Turkey ought to cause the United States to begin to rethink its comprehensive policy toward Asia in general and toward one non-Arab minority in Iraq in particular:  the Kurds.
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