Time has changed; PKK cannot be defeated by force

Kurdishaspect.com - By Mufid Abdulla

Twenty years ago, there were only a few cells of Al Qaida both inside Afghanistan and around the world. By 2001, these Al Qaida cells had increased to hundreds as well as an expansion of those based internationally. This was due to a widespread negative reaction towards policies being conducted by American administration with regards to such cases. The citizens of the north of Kurdistan are robust, they know what they want; they have endured 30 years of fighting, violence and intimidation. The latest news we hear from the north of Kurdistan is of the Turkish Army waging another operation to dislodge the PKK from their base in the Kandil mountains in the South of Kurdistan. Ahmed Denis, PKK foreign spokesman, in his interview with local Kurdish newspaper “Awena” asked for western countries to call for the halt of this operation considering the fact that the only victims were innocent civilians. The Turkish air force is already putting the entire civilian population under fire in Kua kurk and the Kandil Valley, with civilian casualties steadily rising.

The situation at present is hindering the Turkish state’s ability to deliver progress and in providing the integral developments that the people of Kurdistan crave. Part of the problem is that this project of solution is being conducted almost entirely in military terms because the Turkish state has failed to be candid about this issue. As columnist Ayse Karabat stated last week on Sundayzaman.com, “In doing all of these things there first needs to be the strengthening of democracy and the expansion of freedom, because the lack of these essential aspects of society is the reason we have now reached the situation we are facing now. “ Furthermore we can find a similar argument by another Turkish columnist, Dogu Ergil, who stated on SundayZaman.com that, “No one mentions the killing of many innocent children from the “other side” or 17,000 murders, by unidentified official agents, committed in an attempt to suppress the Kurdish insurgency, or the forced evacuation of thousands of villages and the banishment of its inhabitants at will. This is the source of the problem; we all think, like the state, that the Turkish Constitution is the master of the country and the nation.

Operational success in the north of Kurdistan requires improvements in the development of commerce, education and health, in an attempt to win the hearts of the people of the south of Turkey towards their government.  The Turkish state should take a lesson from the extensive history of insurgencies from the IRA in Northern Ireland and the ANC in South Africa. The PKK is not waging a futile war and as Patrick Cockburn from Independent on this PKK issue states, “it reveals a weakness in the region's growing powerhouse”.

The PKK should be taken seriously immediately by the Turkish state. The Turkish army is planting the seeds of hatred between the Turks and the Kurdish nation which can only result in civil war. This can be related to the similar history of Kazakhstan in the former Soviet Union in which this Stalinist state has spread the seeds between Tagics and others, and as a result we have been witnessing the civil war taking place there over the last month.

The Turkish issue in the north of Kurdistan needs a solution rather than a widespread deepening depression. The Turkish state needs to realise that time has changed and that is essential they talk to the PKK because they cannot be defeated by force. The Turkish state has tried for the last thirty years to dismantle the PKK without success and it is now time to rethink and be prepared to take a different approach.



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July 5, 2010
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