November 14, 2014

The impacts of normative International Relations theory on Third World - By Dlshad Amin

Generally the Supposed prime objective of theory is to provide explanation of any issue through particular world-view that reflects the theories' prospective. In the case of normative theory to engage with the issue critically in a way that the issue or subject matter ought to have been in a particular way or ought to be solved in an ideal way. This is the conventional understanding of the normative theory - that it is a critical engagement with the issue of the day – hoping to embitter the world through amplifying the issue by critically engaging with it. However, as Robert Cox, a renowned IR theorist famously declared that "theory is always for someone for some purpose" - testifies that normative theory is nothing but great-powers' political instrument to convey a particular massage to an intended audience within the context of realpolitik, namely to deceive the audience of the reality of realpolitik in political affairs. When closely examining the role of the normative theory on the political elite of the third world, the cynicism of the normative theory becomes obvious. As is self-evident, even the very few political elite who are educated lack the self-esteem to believe in ones-self as being equal to their counter-parts of the first world. This low self-esteem of the third world population generally including their statesman is partly due to the massages send by normative theorists that the third world population lack the knowledge, wisdom, critical-thinking, competence, physical appearance etc. that to be counted as equal as the first world population and that they need to be helped by the people of the developed world. Additionally, the adverse effects of normative IR theory are the empirical fact of the third world's intellectuals' interest in IR normative theories and their distaste for the positivist theories. This tendency includes all the third world intellectuals which have deprived them of the essence of IR that present world conducts is based on realpolitik doctrine – which all states are natural anomies of each other and that they all do all in their power to inflect harm of one another. Thus, the third world's disposition of political knowledge – realpolitik knowledge – has paved for their underdog position in comparison to the West in all realms of politics, economy, social etc.

Those massages of normative theory are inexplicit and resonated through practical engagement of establishments of non-governmental organizations, governmental organizations, transnational organizations, donates and so forth that all stems the feelings that the third world population is not as competent as the first world and that the first world does all it can in helping the third world to develop but their incompetence stand in obstacle to their progress. This typical view of ourselves as people of third world and of the first world towards us has no foundation. First, we need to understand that all human beings are endowed with equal faculty with different cultures, hobbies, appearance etc.; second, we need to know the fact that if the West want to help the third world, they would remove the trade buries, the heavy terms and conditions of borrowing from IMF and World Bank, and soften travel restrictions on third world population that such positive policies would benefit not only the third world economy but the first world too as they would enjoy greater economic stimulations, better awareness of the world as more people would travel and engage with local people. Therefore, in all, no intellectual of the third world should be deceived by the cynical subtle normative theorists' aims and objectives, and they need to refute their cynical aims and objectives by presenting the third world in world's political affairs as who we really are – nothing less than the first world population, and we need to demonstrate this on practical level.


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